Depending on the specific shoe of reference, basketball shoes are made from different materials. This is clear right from the starting point of the shoes manufacture.
There is what is called the last model which is like the blueprint you use to mass produce other pairs of your basketball shoes. It can be a metallic or plastic material which is shaped like a completed basketball shoe.
From there, you evolve your shoe patterns and the kinds of materials you are using, materials like leather, rubber, plastic, textiles, etc., which are basically what basketball shoes are made of.
These materials are what impacts what is used for the laces, or the kinds of materials used for the sole and insole, or the inner footwear of the shoe itself, and so on. Invariably, the basketball shoe is assembled based on what needs to be put at the higher and lower parts of the shoes.
Basic Design Of Basketball Shoes
Generally, the best basketball shoes are specifically designed at the upper end with leather materials. Although there are more sneaker types made from synthetic mesh. It has a growing influence on the texture and type of shoes on the court these days.
The intervention in such kind of changes is helpful for athletes who play the game. For example, there have been criticisms in the past about the downside of using leather materials for basketball shoes. Those kinds of shoes are often criticized to be too heavy and that’s unlike sneakers like tennis shoes that do have penetrable mesh upper.
The mesh material is lightweight, and far superiorly so, if compared to leather upper. That kind of material allows for breathability, unlike the leather material.
The popularity of mesh materials now is also owing to its durable qualities. This, it supports without taking away the user’s prime attractions and fancies as they would have in leather-laden sneakers – especially the support the foot is touted to enjoy in leather shoes.
There have, however, been many other shoes that offer combination of the synthetic mesh and leather, and in some other cases, either combination with canvas. Such a thrill!
Technology is also changing the face of the basketball shoes and its makeup. We will be talking briefly about that much later.
Key Component Parts And Materials Used
Perry Hua’s images are a useful guide here in simplifying the various parts of a basketball shoe and how that ties into achieving the overall cushioning effects of the peculiar sneakers. Look at the diagrams below:
There are different basketball shoes designed for different “basketballing” reasons – top of them are ankle support and mobility. There are low-tops basketball shoes, mid-top basketball shoes, and the high-tops, offering different styles and support systems.
For instance, the low-top shoes’ preference is for speed. So, the materials pushed into making this comes with certain cons that doesn’t insure the bodies of athletes who play the game.
Remember the Kobe Bryant’s starred, hilarious commercial for Nike Zoom Kobe IV? He’s President, CEO, CFO, CMO, and Owner of Ankle Insurance Co. But beyond the hilarity of the fuzzy, funny, fear-scented “broken ankles” voice-over in the commercial, is the legitimate fears that the advert addresses.
There are shoes that offer zero ankle support and low-top shoes can turn out like that. That’s a design many on-court players of the game like to avoid, although your speed and agility are top notch because low-tops are very light shoes.
However, mid-tops shoes address that. They offer speed + safety for players whose game is to jump up high and get a little physical. But they also pale in protection value in restricting potential ankle dangers when making fast turns when playing.
That’s what high-tops solve, and power players generally go all out for this. They are also heavy, but your ankle gets the stability it deserves. Pay attention to the upper, the insole, outsole, midsole, and you can pretty sum up what a basketball shoe is generally made up of.
Therefore, at the upper part of the shoes (refer to diagram below for easy and quick identification) that were majorly made of leather, you can now also find ones made from synthetic mesh or canvas or synthetic leather, and so on.
In the diagram, you can also see the eyelets. They are the shoelaces holders and they have small holes where you tuck the laces in place. They are generally made of metal like steel, aluminum, or brass.
The laces themselves are straps made of cotton or rope variants. Like some parts that are basically changing in terms of texture, many shoelaces now use synthetic fibers. It makes more slippery now but the eyestays (refer to diagram) help to maximally keep them in place.
Just close to the insoles are midsoles that generally dictate the longevity of your shoes. It is a predictable taste. We all want durable shoes. The midsole is largely responsible for that. So, it behaves more like rubber or foam, but it is basically made of plastic materials.
The insole itself is made of synthetic insole board. They are there to offer some basic warmth and comfort while in your shoes.
Perhaps, an important measure also is the outsoles of a basketball shoe. They are typically made of synthetic material or rubber. A good basketball shoe with a perfect outsole will naturally provide you with balance.
Overview of Basketball Shoes’ History
There is a history behind the evolution of basketball shoes that makes the basketball game an interesting one on so many levels.
That evolution, or the knowledge of it, indicates where certain categorizations fall; whether the shoe is a classic or perhaps the trendy cool one. That’s why basketball shoes remain one of the famous athletic footwear in the world.
Perhaps a little history lesson here. Now, the basketball game began in about 1892, but not until the early 1920s did basketball shoes become a thing in the game.
The first ever pair of basketball shoes specifically designed for the game was released by Converse, an American shoe company who later became a subsidiary of Nike specializing in the design, production and sales of sneakers, apparels, footwear, amongst other accessories.
They released the first ever All-Star shoe in basketball, and that move has morphed into a big business; the huge market that branded designs and basketball shoes have become.
Not long after the shoes became popular, Chuck Taylor — who was at one time himself a semi-professional basketball player — joined the company, and lent his name to a new brand of a basketball shoe that has become a synonym for basketball shoes.
The shoe, popularly called ‘Chuck Taylors’ was made from materials like leather cotton versions which is the material common with the popular versions of the brand.
Chuck Taylor himself had requested for this type of shoes because he wanted and campaigned for a sneaker that provides flexibility for players and allows you dominate the game.
It is important to put that in context, because every update and improvement on basketball shoes have been to increase the user’s stability, comfort, and in-court performances.
Therefore, making basketball shoes with the right materials, especially for players of the game, could be the difference between winning and losing, or enjoying your game and going home with avoidable blisters.
The Chuck Taylors became a dominant force and then came the Puma Clyde. The Puma Clyde was also a signature brand, becoming the first to be given an NBA star’s name.
Walt Clyde Frazier was playing for the New York Knicks at this time and this gave rise to the ‘The Puma Clyde’. The shoe had a suede upper design with a wider sole that allows your foot slip into the shoes easily, with better stance.
It became a hit outside the court and began a success of basketball shoes used by fans and players alike. There were inspired changes from brand competitors that saw the likes of Larry Bird and Magic Johnson — very popular players of the game, too — join the frame of basketball shoes popularity.
However, it wasn’t until the 1980s when Air Jordan (named after arguably the best basketball player of all time; Michael Jordan) was released that more people started paying attention.
The Air Jordan series by Michael Jordan has been a hit from the 80s even till now. The Air Jordan series was touted as a higher flier. Everyone really wanted a pair because they thought it could made fly.
These shoes, over the years — centuries now — are designed using materials like phylon, phyllite, synthetic rubber compounds, polyurethane, amongst others.
Nike Air Jordan 1:
What Is Changing In Their Makeups?
Maybe nothing much!
However, we must mention here that technology is generally making basketball shoes safer and more effective for athletes who play the game. These changes make basketball players move faster, while feeling lighter and stronger from their feet up.
Whether it is Adidas, Nike, Puma, or other shoemakers, a lot is going into prioritizing the comfort and stability of users.
For example, when Nike Air Force One came into the basketball space, the features that are visible now in updates were nonexistent. Features with better cushioning, rubber outsoles with less toxins, more environment-friendly choices regarding recycling (synthetic) leather wastes, amongst other things, there is always that scaled attempt to outdo the past or the previous ones.
No doubt, basketball shoes are no longer what they used to be in the days of first releases of Chuck Taylors, Puma Clyde’s, or Air Jordan. Life itself abhors redundancy. Even those signature brands have new updates and features.
However, what defines the core and shape of a basketball shoe has not so much changed. The same motivation that drove Chuck to experiment with new shoes is the same theme that runs through the features of shoes that are developed now.
We all want shoes that feel great on our feet, give the stability and flexibility our feet crave, and influence the performances that we love to see on the court as basketball players or fans, or perhaps as just casual, uninvested users.